Everyone who owns a domain has most definitely hosted their domain on the internet. But there are some people (not everyone is as intelligent as you) who don’t really understand what ‘Web Hosting’ means. Hence, here we are, with a small but comprehensive blog post on what Web Hosting is and what are the different kinds of web hosting available 🙂
A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center.
Hosting is a service whereby one computer configured as an Internet server offers a part of, or its whole resources, for use in exchange for a certain rental fee. Thanks to this service, one or more users can use information, services or content located on this server using another computer called client. The client uses the Internet to connect with the server and displays the desired content to the user.
What are the different kinds of Web Hosting services available?
Depending on the type of resources offered by an Internet server, there are various kinds of hosting services. Some of the most popular ones are –
1. Free web hosting
Offered by different companies with limited services, sometimes supported by advertisements, and often limited when compared to paid hosting in terms of features.
2. Shared web hosting
Shared hosting is the most popular form of web hosting. It is called “shared” because many different websites are stored on one single physical server and thus share its resources. A separate account with specific parameters (disk space, traffic, number of databases, etc) and a web-based account administration control panel is assigned to each user. The account is administered entirely by the user via a web-based interface control panel, which gives even the beginners quick access and full control over their accounts.
3. Reseller web hosting
This allows clients to become web hosts themselves. Resellers could function, for individual domains, under any combination of these listed types of hosting, depending on who they are affiliated with as a reseller. Many resellers provide a nearly identical service to their provider’s shared hosting plan and provide the technical support themselves.
4. Dedicated hosting service
In contrast to shared hosting, the user gets his or her own Web server but is either allowed full control of his box or is provided with a managed service model in which they are not allowed full control (user is denied root access for Linux/administrator access for Windows); however, they are allowed to manage their data via FTP or other remote management tools. The latter option of disallowing control is so that the provider can guarantee quality of service by not allowing the user to modify the server or potentially create configuration problems. The user typically does not own the server. The server is leased to the client.
5. Virtual Private Server
Also known as a Virtual Dedicated Server (VPS), divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware. Essentially, each such virtual server can be looked upon as being “dedicated”, because a separate operation system is being installed on it according to the user’s needs, which takes up the applications of one given client only. The most commonly used pieces of server virtualization software are VMware, FreeVPS, Usermode Linux, Virtuozzo, etc.
6. Cloud hosting service
This is a relatively new hosting platform that allows customers powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered load-balanced servers and utility billing. A cloud hosted website may be more reliable than alternatives since other computers in the cloud can compensate when a single piece of hardware goes down. Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for resources consumed by the user, rather than a flat fee for the amount the user expects they will use, or a fixed cost upfront hardware investment.
There are also some specific types of hosting services which are provided by certain web host service providers. These are –
1. File hosting service
A file hosting service is an Internet hosting service specifically designed to host user files. It allows users to upload files that could then be accessed over the internet from a different computer, tablet, smartphone or other networked device, by the same user or possibly by other users, after a password or other authentication is provided.
2. Image hosting service
This allows individuals to upload images to an Internet website. The image host will then store the image onto its server, and show the individual different types of code to allow others to view that image. Hosting services have the potential ability to identify when and where their images are being used. When an image file is accessed, the image host is capable of logging the date and the general numeric internet address of the request.
3. Video hosting service
This allows individuals to upload video content to share, distribute or place on a website. Users generally will upload via the hosting service’s website, mobile or desktop applications or APIs. The type of video content uploaded can be anything from short video clips all the way to full length movies. The video host will then store the video on its server, and show the individual different types of embed codes or links to allow others to view this video.
4. Blog hosting service
This software is designed to simplify creating and maintaining weblogs. As specialized content management systems, weblog applications support the authoring, editing, and publishing of blog posts and comments, with special functions for image management, web syndication, and post and comment moderation.
5. Shopping cart software
This software allows online shopping customers to accumulate a list of items for purchase, described metaphorically as “placing items in the shopping cart” or “add to cart”. Upon checkout, the software typically calculates a total for the order, including shipping and handling (i.e. postage and packing) charges and the associated taxes, as applicable.
6. Email hosting service
Email hosting services usually offer premium email at a cost as opposed to advertisement-supported free email or free webmail. Email hosting services thus differ from typical end-user email providers such as webmail sites. They cater mostly to demanding email users and Small and Mid Size (SME) businesses. Email offered by most webhosting companies is usually more basic standardized POP3 or IMAP based email.
RuneHost offers you a variety of Web hosting, including Windows, Linux, Reseller, VPS, WordPress, Ecommerce and CMS Hosting. You can check out the plans we offer here – http://www.runehost.com/web-hosting/
So which hosting service do you prefer? 🙂